The Dirty Little Secrets of College Admissions

Today I want to share a piece, which originally ran in the Washington Post, that was written by Dean P. Skarlis, who  is president of The College Advisor of New York in Albany. I liked what Skarlis had to say so much about today’s college admission climate that I asked if I could share it with you.

According to the The Chronicle of Higher Education, there now are 100 colleges which cost more than $50,000 per year, including the first public university, the University of California at Berkeley.

What would shock unassuming parents even more than exorbitant tuition are some of college admissions’ dirty little secrets. I believe shock therapy is necessary, given the size of the investment parents will make in paying as much as a quarter of a million dollars for four years at many of these popular schools. They need to be alerted so they can separate valuable information from propaganda.

The Hazards of Conventional Wisdom

A piece of conventional wisdom imparted by colleges that I routinely recommend consumers ignore is to “let Johnny first select the school and then mom and dad can figure out how to pay for it.” The logic here is that these two parts of the college selection process are distinct and mutually exclusive. This couldn’t be further from the truth.

Over the past 20 years, colleges have changed dramatically. The majority of schools now have significant agendas, and are less concerned about making the best match. Instead, they seek high quality students, diversity, and as many “full pays” as possible. The admissions and financial aid processes have become irreversibly intertwined and students whose parents can “write the check” stand a markedly better chance of getting admitted, all other factors being equal.

Need-Based Aid

Another favorite tip counselors love to give is to search for colleges that offer “need-based” financial aid. Families often hear this term at college fairs, and read about it in the media. What need-based aid means is that an institution promises a prospective student a financial aid package that covers ENTIRELY what the financial aid formula says the family can afford. This aid comes in the form of grants, loans and work-study awards.

But schools use different aid formulas to assess families’ ability to pay, and the reality is that need-blind admissions is available at roughly two dozen of the most elite institutions in the U.S. that can afford to offer full aid. For the 99 percent of students who can never get admitted to these highly selective schools, this policy doesn’t apply. Yet it lures people into believing that the admission decision and the award package are awarded SEPARATELY. This may have been true in the 1980s, but it certainly is not the case now.

The Reality of College Admissions Today

A friend of mine who is an admissions dean at a well-known research institution laments how much college admissions has changed.

She says: “Today, it’s all about ‘net tuition revenue,’” or hitting a revenue target that a school projects it needs. A client recently informed me that when they told an admissions representative that they expected to be paying the full price, given their income, the admissions person said the institution was “need-aware,” meaning they would look favorably on their high income in the admissions process. Translation: The school wanted this client’s child and was willing to admit the student. By the way, this student was a marginal candidate applying to a selective college. So much for egalitarian idealism.

Using both need-based financial aid and merit scholarships, the dirty little secret is that schools are leveraging “the best” students – this term is relative to every college and every student. Colleges throw more money at the kids they want the most—athletes, strong academicians, minority students, and students gifted in music or other talent that will shed more glory on the institution.

Finding Hidden College Gems

If parents want to pay less, they need to understand which colleges want their child most and why. They must consider cost early in the process, and be realistic in considering schools that are not among the top brands. There are hundreds of “hidden gems” across the country, and families who approach the process strategically stand a better chance of finding them.

Finding great schools at a lower price can be a mind-boggling process for busy, working parents, but they have to understand that they are their own best advocates.

Colleges have the financial aid shell game down to a science. Consumers are mostly oblivious to the fact that the admissions and aid processes are not simple and noble. Given the absurdly expensive cost of many popular schools, families should wake up to the fact that they must consider cost early in the college selection process.

Lynn O’Shaughnessy is the author of The College Solution and she also writes college blogs for CBSMoneyWatch and US News & World Report.

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6 Responses to The Dirty Little Secrets of College Admissions

  1. Chris Teare January 3, 2011 at 8:59 am #

    Ms. O’Shaughnessy:
    Great piece. I agree completely and urge the students and parents in my care to think along the same lines. Indeed, as a parent myself, my eldest daughter’s choice of Agnes Scott College unfolded very much along the lines you describe. Let me know if you would be interested in being a guest on my radio show, Making the College Choice. It airs in the USVI (and on the web at http://www.amg.vi) each Wednesday afternoon between 3-4 Eastern Standard Time. Also, let me know if I can be of any help to you by way of a quote for a piece, as I did for Troy Onink of Forbes.com recently–or on recommendations on where to stay when you come speak in the US Virgin Islands!
    Best Wishes,
    Chris Teare
    Director of College Counseling
    Antilles School
    Frenchman’s Bay, 16-1
    St. Thomas, VI 00802
    (340) 776-1600 x235

    • Lynn January 5, 2011 at 6:17 pm #

      Thanks Chris for your comments. I’d be happy to be on your radio show.

      Lynn O’Shaughnessy

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