Today I am sharing a guest blog post that Jon Boeckenstedt, an associate vice president for enrollment management and marketing at DePaul University in Chicago wrote on his blog (Jon Boeckenstedt’s Admissions Weblog). It’s rare that admission administrators speak candidly about controversial aspects of the admission process, but refreshingly Jon doesn’t hold back.
People pan eriodically ask me to identify need-blind colleges and universities and I try to tell them that actually they don’t exist contrary to what institutions tell families. In Boeckenstedt’s blog post below, which he wrote in reaction to a New York Times article this spring, he articulates far better than I could why need-blind colleges are a myth. Lynn O’Shaughnessy
By Jon Boeckenstedt
The teaser in an email from The New York Times was promising:
It’s generally a good article, pointing out the arbitrary definition of need and how it varies from one college to another. It demonstrates how out-of pocket costs for any student can swing wildly, even among the institutions that claim to meet full need (do loans count?) But the article falls short in one important area: While there is at least one expert who casts some doubt on the concept of “need-blind admissions,” the premise largely survives the article unscathed.
I’ve said before, and will say it again: There is no such thing as need blind admissions.
There are two big reasons for this:
First, at the overwhelming majority of colleges and universities, enrolling the overwhelming majority of college students, there is no full-pay student waiting in line to take the spot of a poor student who is denied. Most colleges and universities accept the majority of applications they receive; it’s even more pronounced than that visual might suggest, because many colleges use “Fast Apps/Snap Apps/VIP Apps” and other mechanisms to artificially inflate application numbers from students who have almost zero percent chance of enrolling. Others recruit students who have almost no chance of being admitted. Rejected students are grist for the mill in the industry. But in essence, most colleges have to accept low-income students if they expect to make the class. Thus, they are effectively need blind, but not on the basis of some moral principle; they really have no choice.
But at that very small sliver of universities that claim to be need-blind and that could swap a poor student for a wealthy one–the ones who wear “need-blind” as badge of honor–the term is fairly ridiculous on its face. It’s probably true, of course, that the admissions officer does not look at family income or FAFSA results while reviewing the file. But ignoring income, and ignoring the residual effects of low-income are two entirely different things. The way our current admissions process works, virtually every other factor considered favors wealthier students, and/or students from wealthier high schools.
Don’t believe me? Consider:
|Admissions Factor||Wealthier Students and/or from Wealthier Schools||Poorer Students and/or from Poorer Schools||Advantage|
|Test Scores||Wealthier students come from schools with access to expensive test-prep and can take the tests multiple time||May not know how tests work, what the differences are||Wealthy students|
|Advanced Courses/Rigor||Wealthier students come from private schools or higher-income public schools with greater access to AP, Honors, IB and other courses||Likely to come from schools with fewer options for advanced courses; especially if prerequisites require planning from freshman year||Wealthy students|
|Essays||Essays may be written, edited, groomed, and polished, sometimes over a year’s time||Unless the importance of the essay is clearly understood, there may be little or no editing or reviewing by adults||Wealthy students|
|Letters of Recommendation||Counselors and teachers are expected to write letters designed to give the student every advantage in the process||Letters may be written by counselors or teachers who do not understand the game, or may not even know the student well||Wealthy students|
|Activities||Resumes are carefully designed to highlight leadership, volunteer activities, and activities tied to school and campus culture||More likely to include jobs that detract from school activity options, but may be financially necessary||Wealthy students|
|Legacy Status||More likely to have college-educated parents||Less likely to have college educated parents||Wealthy students|
|Diversity||Less likely to be from an underrepresented group||More likely to be from an underrepresented group||Poorer students|
With odds like that, how can anyone say that need is not a factor in admissions? And if you still need some more evidence, take a look at how this plays out even at public institutions.
So, can we please stop using this term?