About a third of students begin college expecting to major in a STEM discipline – science, technology, engineering and math. Less than half of them manage to leave with a STEM degree. At some point, most students switch to an easier major.
A couple of years ago UCLA released a study that broke down by race and ethnicity just how difficult it is to obtain these degrees. For instance, among white and Asian-American students, who were freshmen in 2004, only 24.5% and 33% of them had earned a college degree in a STEM major within four years.
I recap the UCLA results at my CBS MoneyWatch college blog:
My son Ben is a math major so I have some familiarity with how challenging these STEM disciplines can be. A single math problem will routinely take him an hour to complete. (Ben, who is a sophomore, is also an art major and that discipline is even more of a time suck!)
As if the STEM subjects aren’t hard enough, professors are discouraging students from persevering with these majors because of the way they teach them. For the first couple of years and sometimes longer, math, science and engineering classes are typically delivered up in large lecture halls.
I was encouraged today, however, when I read an article by a higher-ed writer at the Washington Post who talked about how STEM departments at some universities are ditching or modifying the lecture as a style of teaching.
The Post article, mentioned universities which have joined the anti-lecture movement in its backyard.
Initiatives at American, Catholic and George Washington universities, along with the University of Maryland are attempting to break the lectures down into smaller classes. Lecture halls, however, are never going away, but universities are exploring ways to make lectures less of a passive learning experience such as using instant surveys, clicks and ask-your-neighbor discussions. You can learn more specifics of how schools trying to make these here:
When you are evaluating universities, it’s always wise to get a sense of what the size of classes will be, particularly in a student’s intended major. You also want to obtain an idea of how committed a school is to its undergraduates, who often get short shrift at research universities.
Of course, one way that students can avoid nearly all lecture-hall classes is to attend a college instead of a university. By their very nature, colleges are smaller and their focus is on undergrads — not professor research and the education of PhD candidates.
Last fall my son, who attends Beloit College, told me that there were a lot of kids in his real analysis (math) class. On parent weekend my husband and I got to sit in on his math class, which is taught by Ben’s favorite teacher, and I counted the number of students. There were just 21 students. Only at a liberal arts colleges, would a teenager think that a class with less than a two dozen students is large!
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