I am sharing an email that I got this week from a wealthy single mom, who is anticipating her college costs for her twins. I comment on her situation below and I’d love to hear from you too. If you have any advice, please share it in the comment box below.
Lynn, I just finished your new book, which is so full of useful information. Thank you. I am a single mom with twins starting their junior year of high school. Both have excellent grades. I used the EFC calculator for similar colleges, one college that gives merit awards and one that does not. The merit was $6,500. My expected contribution was around $40,000 for each.
I think my income of $450,000 plus my savings and non-retirement assets are too much to expect any aid other than a modest merit award. Is that a correct assumption? I want to do some planning now before Jan. 1.
If I am going to need to pay nearly all the costs myself, then I will maximize my cash savings and, for instance, buy my next car on payments and refinance my house at a lower rate and take cash out. If, however, it would be beneficial to have less cash, I would pay down my mortgage, instead of refinancing, and pay cash for my car.
Whatever advice you could give would be greatly appreciated.
1. I don’t normally run across a single mom with annual income of $450,000! The good news for this mom is that wealthy students enjoy more advantages and options than other children and the fact that her children are excellent students is even better.
The EFC represents what a family would be expected to pay at a minimum for one year of school. So if a person’s EFC is $30,000 and the school costs $55,000, the student would hope to get $25,000 in aid.
Of course it often doesn’t work out that way because most schools end up gapping some of their students. Most colleges cannot provide all their students with the maximum amount of financial aid they need. Typically it’s the students who are less attractive freshman candidates, as well as low and middle-income, who receive poorer aid package.
3. The EFC can also be misleading for wealthy families. The mom mentioned that her EFC for each child is $40,000. (I suspect that if she had only one child heading to college, her EFC would be closer to $80,000.) Just because the mom’s EFC is quite high doesn’t mean she would have to pay $40,000 for each child.
Nearly all schools in this country provide merit scholarships to affluent students. It’s far easier to identify the schools that don’t offer merit scholarships to rich students than name those that do. There are probably only two or three dozen schools at most that don’t provide merit scholarships. The scholarship-free institutions are the nation’s most elite schools including the Ivy League members.
Check the top 10 institutions in US News’ prestigious national university and national liberal arts college categories and you’ll have a great idea of which schools don’t dispense merit scholarships to wealthy students. Many of these schools don’t offer merit scholarship to rich students because they can easily attract these applicants without help. If their US News rankings ever started slipping (highly unlikely because of how the methodology is rigged), I’m sure they would start dispensing them.
Meanwhile highly selective schools that offer merit scholarships to rich students tend to give out low awards because they can attract rich applicants without carrots. For example, Stanford ($4,985), Carleton College ($3,368), Bowdoin College ($1,000) and Northwestern University ($2,521) offer very modest scholarships to wealthy students.
The mom said that one school offered nothing and another offered $6,000 scholarship. (I think the mom was using net price calculators not an EFC calculator because the latter wouldn’t mention prices for individual schools). The $6,000 annual scholarship is on the low end. The average tuition discount at private universities in this country is about $14,000 a year, which comes from the College Board.
4. The mom also wants to know if it would be worthwhile to have less cash for financial aid purposes. I can’t directly answer that because I don’t know enough about her circumstances, but I can say that the biggest driver in the EFC formula is the parents’ income. If only one child was in college and her EFC was around $80,000 there would be no chance she could get her EFC low enough to qualify for financial aid.
Because her children’s EFC is $40,000 a piece it would be worthwhile to see whether factors such as her taxable assets and her home equity (in cases of PROFILE schools) would make much of a difference in her EFC. Lucky for this mom, all schools must now post net price calculators on their websites that provide a personal estimate of what a school will cost a particular family. This mom can play around with different financial scenarios to see if they impact the EFC.
In my favorite college blog post of summer, I wrote about a dad who did play with net price calculators to determine what impact his considerable home equity ($800,000) would have on his aid packages. If you missed that one, here it is:
Lynn O’Shaughnessy is the author of newly released second edition of The College Solution: A Guide for Everyone Looking for the Right School at the Right Price.